Many people think of Carnuntum as the location with the reconstructions of Roman town buildings. But there’s much more to this archaeological park…
- Visit a triumphal monument, two amphitheaters, and a gladiator training arena
- The museum is a delight
- Bonus: you might spot ground squirrels while you’re out and about
- See also: Carnuntum overview, tickets & visitor info
Sometime during the fourth century, the Romans erected a triumphal monument at Carnuntum, though a little away from the town. Arches connected four thick columns surrounding a tall plinth.
We can only guess at the purpose, but a plausible theory is that Emperor Constantius II put up the Heidentor to mark some victory in his efforts to repel invaders. Better than a celebratory pint and a dormouse-on-a-stick, I guess.
Fields and wind turbines ring the remains, today, with information displays explaining the Heidentor’s likely history, restoration efforts, and similar. With the right lens, you can capture the turbines framed by the surviving arch of this monument.
If you’re on foot, the Tor’s a bit of walk, mind you…about 25 minutes from the main car park.
This museum in the town of Bad Deutsch-Altenburg opened in the reign of Franz Joseph and looks almost as Roman as its contents.
Designed to showcase the collection of artifacts discovered in the Carnuntum area over time, it does so largely using temporary exhibitions that change every few years.
On my visit, the focus was on the life of a soldier and it was done very well indeed. Plenty of interesting displays with a lot of information in English.
Town amphitheatre and gladiator school
Archaeologists recently discovered the site of a gladiatorial school complex just a few minutes walk from the main Carnuntum car park. You can’t see any of it, but a wooden reconstruction of the training arena lets you imagine the clash of sword on shield (or Gladius on Scutum).
Just before the arena is the large 2nd-century civilian amphitheater: what’s left of a building that once housed an audience of 12000+.
Though much of the amphitheater forms little more than a grass-covered incline, the ring of slender trees (poplars?) that surround the circular remains confers a Mediterranean feel on the place.
Best of all, the site is now full of European ground squirrels (pictured above), which you don’t get to see too often. I expect the Romans once ate them, so the squirrels got the last laugh.
This 1st-century amphitheatre offers a little more to look around than its civilian equivalent, though it is, inevitably, mostly ruins. An adjacent building has a small exhibition on gladiators.
You can still see the mouth of the tunnel the fighters presumably emerged from. Above it stands an inscription, “IIII viri municipii Aelii Carnunti”, which I believe is some kind of dedication that also highlights Carnuntum’s city status (achieved in the time of Emperor Hadrian, builder of Scottish walls).
Close your eyes and you can smell the sweat of the combatants, hear the roar of the crowd, and sense the fear of the man who forgot to put a parking permit on his chariot.
How to see the sites
See the main Carnuntum article.