Vienna contains 23 municipal districts, each with its own individual character and flavor.
You can tell which district any Viennese location is in by looking at its four-number zip or postcode (German: Postleitzahl):
The first digit identifies the Austrian province or region with a 1 indicating Vienna (the city also happens to double as a province).
That initial number doesn’t map precisely to one of the nine Austrian provinces. So although all Vienna addresses have the 1, some nearby locations in the surrounding province of Lower Austria may share the same first digit as those in the capital.
The second and third digits identify the relevant city district (German: Bezirk) in Vienna. In our example, 07 is – surprise! – the 7th district.
The fourth number is, um, I don’t know. It’s nearly always 0, and I think any other number indicates some kind of post office location. You may also find some unique postcodes for specific institutions that break the rules.
The 23 districts
Anyway, these are the codes and names for the 23 districts…
(Stephansdom dominates the centre of the first district)
- 1010 – the 1st district (Innenstadt or Innere Stadt). That’s the very center of town and home to many of Vienna’s historical attractions, the most prestigious addresses, and the highest rents. The area roughly equates to the city as it was before the fortified walls came down in the 19th century.
The districts immediately surrounding the centre:
- 1020 – the 2nd district (Leopoldstadt). Opposite the first district on the other side of the Donaukanal arm of the Danube. Notable for the huge Prater park area, which includes such delights as the giant funfair, Madame Tussauds, the national stadium and, most importantly, the iconic giant Ferris wheel.
- 1030 – the 3rd district (Landstraße). Many people arrive in this district on a direct train from the airport. Best known for two ends of the historical spectrum: the 18th-century Belvedere palaces (now prestigious art museums) and two 20th-century buildings by Friedensreich Hundertwasser (The Hundertwasserhaus and the Kunst Haus Wien).
- 1040 – the 4th district (Wieden)
- 1050 – the 5th district (Margareten)
- 1060 – the 6th district (Mariahilf)
- 1070 – the 7th district (Neubau)
- 1080 – the 8th district (Josefstadt)
- 1090 – the 9th district (Alsergrund)
The outer districts:
- 1100 – the 10th district (Favoriten)
- 1110 – the 11th district (Simmering)
- 1120 – the 12th district (Meidling)
- 1130 – the 13th district (Hietzing). Of most interest to visitors as the location of Schönbrunn Palace and the surrounding park with the zoo, gardens, maze, carriage museum, children’s museum and other delights. Also has the Klimtvilla and most of the huge Lainzer Tiergarten game reserve.
- 1140 – the 14th district (Penzing)
- 1150 – the 15th district (Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus)
- 1160 – the 16th district (Ottakring)
- 1170 – the 17th district (Hernals)
- 1180 – the 18th district (Währing)
- 1190 – the 19th district (Döbling)
- 1200 – the 20th district (Brigittenau)
- 1210 – the 21st district (Floridsdorf – one of only two districts north of the Danube river)
- 1220 – the 22nd district (Donaustadt – the other district north of the Danube)
- 1230 – the 23rd district (Liesing)
Which district am I in?
You can always tell which district you’re in by looking at the nearest street sign – the street name is nearly always preceded by the district number. Here we see that Rotenturmstraße is in the first district:
While this number may not mean much to your average visitor, it’s important to the locals. You are, after all, where you live. A noble address in the 13th, 19th or – gasp! – first district will set you back many thousands of dollars more than the same house in the less salubrious alternatives.
Be careful, though. Don’t confuse the district number with the house number. In the two photos below, the first is a street sign indicating you’re on Stephansplatz in the first district. The second is a house number, indicating that you’re at house number 8 on Stephansplatz.
The difference is in the formatting of the number. The dot/period after the number tells you it means a district. In German, the dot is used as shorthand to show an ordinal number. So where English has 1st, 2nd, and 3rd etc., German uses 1., 2. and 3. for a sequence. So 1. on the top sign means first, whereas an 8 on the bottom sign means the number eight.