A beautiful landscaped park to one side of the Hofburg palace complex. Go when the roses are in bloom (you can thank me later).
- Park most famous for its rose garden with dozens of different varieties
- Go early for people-free photos of the flower beds
- Also home to the Theseus Temple, Sisi memorial, and a couple of cafés
- See also: Burggarten | Stadtpark | Schönbrunn Park
History of the Volksgarten
Opened in 1823, the Volksgarten owes its existence to the exuberance (and vindictiveness) of Napoleon’s army.
The French emperor entered Vienna in 1809 after a hard-fought victory over the Austrian army at the Battle of Wagram. He then forced the Austrian Empire to sign the Peace Treaty of Schönbrunn at great cost to the Habsburgs in terms of territories and prestige.
(The Volksgarten in the late 19th century. Image courtesy of the Rijksmuseum)
When Napoleon’s troops left the city with their souvenir cakes and Mozart postcards, they blew up some of the fortifications as a farewell gift. This cleared quite a bit of space, which the authorities eventually turned into two parks and Heldenplatz square. Volksgarten was one of the parks. (So silver linings and all.)
The area found use as a place for a gentle stroll or a concert visit. Various members of the Strauss dynasty performed in the park, for example, and they premiered new music there.
Johann Strauss I even named a piece after the location. The park’s music lovers greeted his Volksgarten Quadrille (Op. 157) at a soiree with what one newspaper of the time described as “tumultuous applause”.
Bits were added to the Volksgarten over time as the Vienna city fortifications came down and more land could be turned over to peaceful purposes.
What’s inside the park?
Are you thinking of roses?
Now think of even more roses.
Although the Volksgarten forms a triangle between one end of Heldenplatz, the Burgtheater and the Rathausplatz, most people think of it as the Rose Garden part that runs parallel to the Ring boulevard (see map below).
Huge beds of tiered roses fill the sides of the Rose Garden: tall bushes at the back and smaller standards and bushes near the front. And each a different variety.
The flowers form a kaleidoscope of colour in the late spring and summer. And each rosebush carries a personal dedication to a lover, family member or similar.
If that’s not enough roses for you, there are more rose beds away from the edges, albeit mixed in with a few box hedges and similar.
The impression is magnificent and I’d urge you to get there in the early morning in summer (June is a particularly good month) for glorious flower-filled photos undisturbed by visitors.
Other notable points of interest in the Volksgarten are…
The Grillparzer monument
One end of the Rose Garden has a small monument to Franz Grillparzer (1791 – 1872), built in the late 19th century to honour the Austrian poet and writer. Grillparzer once lived in the same house as Beethoven and spoke at the composer’s funeral.
The Theseus temple
In 1823, architect Peter Nobile constructed the neoclassical Theseus Temple, a smaller version of Athen’s Temple of Hephaestus. The original function was to offer a home to Canova’s marble sculpture of Theseus battling a centaur.
The temple has returned to its roots of late, hosting small art exhibitions under the aegis of the Kunsthistorisches Museum (most recently a series of contemporary artworks).
The Sisi memorial
An extensive memorial site to Empress Elisabeth, completed in 1907, with a tree-lined avenue, fountains, water features and statue. It’s tucked away parallel to the Rose Garden and remarkably quiet in comparison. For some reason, it’s easy to miss, despite its size.
How to get to the Volksgarten
The Volksgarten is about as central as it gets, across the road from the Rathaus and adjoining the giant square in front of the Neue Burg wing of the Hofburg Palace.
There’s a tram stop (Ring/Volkstheater) and subway station (Volkstheater) outside, served by the U2 and U3 train lines and the 1, 2, D, 46, 49, and 71 trams.
Address: Volksgarten, 1010 Vienna