The west wing of Floor 1 of Upper Belvedere is decidedly un-Klimt with not a glimmer of Art Nouveau gold to be seen. But it still has many treats for the innocent visitor…
- Portraits, landscapes, and more from the 17th to 19th centuries
- Look out for:
- Jacques Louis David’s famous Napoleon portrait
- Leopold’s lip
- An unusual portrait of Empress Elisabeth
- The Belvedere is a dynamic museum, so the actual works on display may vary
- All info in English and German
- See also: Upper Belvedere exhibition overview
As with the Upper Belvedere Klimt exhibition, the rooms are arranged by theme, drawing you through a chronology of art genres in Austria (baroque to 19th-century Biedermeier) but also tackling topics such as the portrayal of the Habsburgs.
(Napoleon at the St. Bernhard Pass. Photo courtesy of and © Belvedere, Wien. Reproduced with permission under the terms of Creative Commons License CC BY-SA 4.0.)
Much of the architecture and decoration of the Belvedere palaces glorifies the military achievements of their owner, Prince Eugene. The same might be said of Jacques Louis David’s 1801 portrait of Napoleon.
This is one of five versions of Napoleon at the St. Bernhard Pass. The Belvedere one pictures him atop a white charger in a suitably heroic pose, red robe flowing around him in the wind.
This imagery may have been slightly economical with the truth, given Napoleon was crossing the Alps at the time (no thick coat?). But nobody wants to see an emperor looking anything other than imperial. Least of all the emperor himself.
As a novelist, the ebony, tortoiseshell and tin travel desk from around 1700 looked very impressive. Not the sort of thing you’d use for writing shopping lists, but definitely suited to issuing significant proclamations with huge red seals.
The same gallery has a 1760 painting of the family of Count Nikolaus Pálffy von Erdöd by Martin van Meytens the Younger, famous for his court and aristocratic portraits.
The family appear to have alarmingly-similar faces, which I could likely explain if I was an expert. But I choose to think that Count Nikolaus was particularly keen to silence any doubts about the paternity of his children.
The mid-18th-century landscape paintings by, for example, Johann Christina Brand caught my eye. The flowing, jumbled nature of the pre-industrialised landscapes are a joy – all curves and no lines, unlike our modern farmland.
The Habsburg lip
The Habsburg monarchs were famed for a distinctive facial feature – the protruding “Habsburg” lower lip (a term still used in modern medicine). A marble relief of Emperor Leopold I provides a classic illustration of this phenomenon.
Elisabeth and Franz Joseph
Two paintings, in particular, stand out from the various portrayals of the Habsburgs, because they drift away from the more usual ingratiating and mythologising alternatives:
- Franz von Matsch’s 1916 protrait of Emperor Franz Joseph on his deathbed, all the strength gone (though the face retains just a glimmer of Imperial steel)
- Anton Romako’s 1883 portrait of Empress Elisabeth with a dog. Elisabeth guarded her image with the intensity of today’s A-list celebrities. So it was quite a shock to see this dark, brooding portrait which stands in stark contrast to the more usual (and kinder) painting of Sisi by George Martin Ignaz Raab next to it