Shake the snow from your boots, put a log on the fire and share a hot beverage with me as we discover the sights, sounds, tastes and traditions of a Christmas trip to Vienna.
(Not to mention a few travel, event, and shopping tips, too.)
Where shall we begin?
The Christmas markets
(The Christmas market on Maria-Theresien-Platz square)
Our first stop is the Christmas markets. These attract numerous visitors for one good reason: they’re simply fantastic.
Forget for a moment the bustle and stress of modern life. Instead, travel back to a simpler age (albeit with smartphones).
Breathe in the aroma of fried sausages and goulash soup, the tang of roasted almonds and toffee apples, and the sweet fragrance of countless scented soaps and candles.
Wreathe yourself in wisps of steam from a mug of hot Christmas punch and fill your eyes with the dazzling displays of artists, craftspeople, cooks, and shopkeepers.
Then eat, drink, and generally be as merry as a reindeer in a carrot field who’s just heard she’s been picked by Santa for sleigh duty.
(On reflection, you probably can’t forget the bustle of modern life: those markets can get busy.)
Browse for your Christmas accommodation
(service provided by Booking.com*, who I am an affiliate of)
The markets typically open mid-November and continue until late December.
Visit the main market page for general information or click/tap the links below for some of the popular / central locations I’ve written about. Note that not all markets have yet to confirm opening for Christmas 2022.
- Christkindlmarkt on the Rathausplatz (the biggest and most famous)
- Karlsplatz (excellent for unusual gifts)
- Schönbrunn (gorgeous location in front of the palace)
- Freyung (surrounded by historical buildings)
- Am Hof (also good for unique art)
- Maria-Theresien-Platz (another big one, sandwiched between two 19th-century museums)
- Belvedere (the best photo opportunity)
- Spittelberg (winds through narrow Biedermeier streets)
- Stephansplatz (by the great cathedral)
- Altes AKH (good for kids)
- Genussmarkt bei der Oper (near the state opera house)
- Stallburg Advent market (in the stables of the Spanish Riding School)
- Michaelerplatz (in front of the mighty domed entrance to the Hofburg)
- Wintermarkt (food and drink out by the giant Ferris wheel)
- Medieval Advent market (think mead and roast boar)
- Palais Niederösterreich Advent market (in a lovelypalais)
(Christmas lights on the Graben)
All the main shopping streets put on a Christmas display and, of course, many large stores and hotels do so, too.
In terms of colours, Vienna tends not to do gaudy and garish. So expect plenty of classic whites, reds and greens, often with a touch of “alternative” thrown in.
The lights usually go on sometime in the second half of November without too much advance notice on the specific date, though they may appear later in 2022 as an exemplary energy-saving measures. Total hours of operation may reduce for the same reason.
Enjoy some photos and get tips on where to see the best displays with this Vienna Christmas lights guide.
Events and activities
Most museums, palaces and other attractions stay open throughout the Christmas period, but some bonus seasonal sights and sounds appear, too:
I have a whole article with Christmas concert tips. These include the televised Christmas in Vienna musical gala in the Konzerthaus and other special performances in the major concert venues.
Look out, in particular, for the atmospheric advent concerts in the central churches and cathedral.
Around the Rathaus
Traditional extras at the Rathausplatz Christmas market (the Christkindlmarkt) include brass bands, who typically play around the Christmas tree centrepiece during December.
In normal years, choirs from all over the world sing Christmas carols and other seasonal works in the Festsaal (main chamber) of the Rathaus itself on selected days.
As an extra treat, choirs commonly sing outside at the market each day for half an hour in the early evening, too.
I’ll post more specific details if and when timetables become available; the last couple of years weren’t kind to these traditions.
Ice skating and alternative “markets”
If you wish to twirl and glide through the crisp Viennese air, then the Vienna Ice Skating Association is the place. They have a large outdoor ice rink that opens from early morning. Details here.
The Christkindlmarkt often has a rather romantic ice skating trail (see photo above) through the adjacent park; it acts as a kind of warm up for the much-larger Ice World event that begins in January.
And if you’re too cool for Christmas (or just want a break from the norm), the MuseumsQuartier holds an annual Winter event that offers an alternative counterpoint to the traditional Advent market. The main features are the decorative light projections and art installations.
A tradition of late in Vienna is to put on world-beating exhibitions for the end-of-year season, so expect some fine events in 2022.
- A major Basquiat retrospective at the Albertina (full of raging creativity)
- The Kunsthistorisches Museum’s Idols & Rivals exhibition features great works from the classical, Baroque and Renaissance eras presented as a series of intriguing narratives around artistic competition
- The Bank Austria Kunstforum Wien’s full Helmut Newton retrospective
- George Nuku at the Weltmuseum (I was very impressed by the premise)
- Ways of Freedom at the Albertina Modern, which focuses on the flowering of abstract expressionism in New York post-WWII
(The traditional tree and real candles)
As Vienna becomes more multicultural and multifaith, it’s tricky to talk about pervasive Christmas traditions. But the big moment of family celebration definitely remains Christmas Eve (Heiligenabend) and not Christmas Day (Weihnachtstag) as in, for example, the UK.
Sometime in the afternoon of December 24th, a handy relative (grandparents are most useful here) distracts the kids while the parent(s) decorate the Christmas tree.
When all is ready, someone rings a tinkly bell which announces that the Christkind has been.
The Christkind is the traditional gift bringer: a manifestation of Jesus as a child or an angel, often represented with golden locks and the obligatory wings.
When the bell rings, the kids enter the room and marvel at the magical transformation. Or just make a beeline for the presents.
Inevitably, commercial interests have pecked away at the influence of the retailer-unfriendly Christkind, and pushed for more sleighs and Santa; you can read up on that battle here.
A growing tendency is also to put the tree up earlier. Especially since modern kids are less easily convinced by tales of Christmas magic.
Late afternoon or early evening on the 24th then sees the family gather for the Christmas festivities, including carol singing, a hearty meal (see below), and the exchange of gifts and well wishes.
Many people then use Christmas Day itself to visit other parts of the family, recover from overeating or, if you live in an Anglo-Austrian household like mine, celebrate Christmas all over again the UK way (more food, more drink, more forced expressions of gratitude for entirely inappropriate gifts).
Food and drink
(Doughnuts and pastries)
The historical Christmas meal in Vienna is carp, often fried in breadcrumbs. This stems from the earlier Christian idea of the advent period being a time of fasting (hard to believe these days). In the absence of meat, fish represented the culinary highlight, especially for such an important mealtime as Heiligenabend.
Nobody I know eats carp anymore.
Fish has long lost its appeal as the Christmas dish: roast poultry and pork have become popular alternatives: the turkey tradition is growing through Anglo-American cultural influences.
(In our house, we have a meat and tofu fondue as this takes a while to eat, so we’re all together around the table for longer. Although whether this is truly a good thing depends on who’s invited.)
The advent period also offers an excuse to break out the rolling pin and get baking, with certain baked foods only appearing for the Christmas period.
Among the more popular seasonal treats:
- Lebkuchen – similar to gingerbread, sold in various shapes, sizes and flavours for eating or as hard-baked decorative shapes that look like they could probably survive a nuclear incident
- Stollen – a seasonal cross between fruit bread and fruit cake. A little dry, but lots of people like it
- Weihnachtskekse – Christmas biscuits, of which an unending variety magically appear in December.
HardImpossible to avoid if visiting an Austrian family during Advent
- Spekulatius – a spiced biscuit with, frankly, nothing particularly recommending it. But, you know, tradition…
As you wander the streets of Vienna in winter, you also find the little Maronistand booths selling roast chestnuts. These add to the old-fashioned flair of Christmas markets, together with the many stands selling Christmas punch. Consumption of both counts toward your collection of authentic Christmas activities.
The chances of it actually snowing on Christmas Day are revealed here. Don’t get your hopes up though.
And pack those thermal socks you got last Christmas, but never dared wear. Here are the stats for December 2021, for example:
- Average air temperature: 3.1°C (37.6°F)
- Highest air temperature: 16.3°C (61.3°F)
- Lowest air temperature: -4.7°C (23.5°F)
(Jams for sale)
The 25th and 26th of December are public holidays, so nearly all stores close on those days. Even those that normally open on Sundays and holidays may be closed (see here for general info on opening times in Vienna).
The 24th is not a public holiday, but many (most) shops close early to give staff a chance to get away for Heiligenabend preparations and travel.
The supermarkets tend to unlock their doors early on the 24th and typically close between 1pm and 4pm. So you can buy the cranberry sauce you forgot (or in case you’re worried 25kg of chocolate is still not enough to keep the teenage hordes happy).
(Karlsplatz Christmas market is great for gifts)
Here some tips for seasonal purchases:
- The treats mentioned earlier make nice little gifts. Lebkuchen tends to survive travel better than biscuits and Stollen. For lovely gift-wrapped edible delights, try the Viennese Konditoreien, too
- More and more Christmas markets serve their punch in a collectable mug (for which you pay a deposit). If you don’t mind losing your deposit, you can keep the mug; they make quite unique souvenirs
- The markets are a treasure trove of gift ideas. Candles are everywhere, as well as hats, bags, scarves and other fashion accessories, glass, wood, leather and pottery items, jams, honey, wine, schnapps (lots of schnapps), various forms of art, and numerous undefinable things you’ll have trouble finding elsewhere
All markets are good for gifts, but consider a shopping trip to the Karlsplatz market. Every stallholder must make their own products and pass a jury test, which ensures a host of booths selling unique, handcrafted art and gifts. Another good one for excellent arts and crafts is the Schönbrunn market.
- If you just want to stock up on basic, mass-produced traditional Austrian-style decorations, then most department stores have a Christmas section selling “standard” decorations for much, much less than, for example, at any market
Trains, buses and trams run normally across the Christmas period, but with slightly reduced timetables on selected days. For full details, see the Christmas travel article.
All the key Christmas locations mentioned above appear on this map:
Useful German phrases
- Frohe Weihnachten (Merry Christmas)
- Alles Gute im neuen Jahr (Happy New Year)
- Mein Bauch wird gleich platzen wenn ich noch ein Weihnachtskeks esse (if I eat another Christmas biscuit, my stomach will explode)
Merry Christmas! Frohe Weihnachten!