Hard to imagine salt and pepper pots could excite much interest. After all, you get them for around €3.50 from Ikea. If you have something more than €50 million spare, though, you could try and purchase the Saliera. Probably best if you don’t put it out on the dinner table…
- Fabulous golden salt cellar from the mid-16th century
- Originally created by Benvenuto Cellini for King Francis I of France
- Once thought lost after an art theft
- Entered Habsburg hands as a gift to Archduke Ferdinand II
- Not actually for sale (do I need to say this?)
- See also: Kunsthistorisches Museum tickets & visitor info | Best art exhibits
The Cellini salt cellar
Myriads of astonishing items fill the Kunstkammer, but the Saliera towers over everything else in the diverse collection. Ostensibly, what you have is a piece of tableware to hold salt and pepper. And two receptacles (a ship and temple) do indeed serve that purpose.
But it’s so much more than that.
(Salt cellar (Saliera) Benvenuto Cellini 1540-1543, Paris, gold, enamel, ebony, ivory 26.3 cm x 28.5 cm x 21.5 cm © Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien)
Taking a pinch of salt or pepper from the Saliera represents an act of submission, an acknowledgement that you are mere dirt on the shoe of the owner’s prestige and power.
It’s hard to maintain a sense of superiority when the value of your host’s salt cellar probably exceeds your entire net worth.
Inside the gallery it calls home, the Saliera rests in its own free-standing glass cabinet, spotlights creating a pool of light in a low-lit room. Two figures rest on the work’s surface, legs intertwined. A man (“Sea”) holds a trident and sits back almost lasciviously, six-pack to the fore. Opposite him, a woman (“Land”) reclines with one hand pinching a breast.
Elsewhere, a few glass display cases hold other French treasures. For example, some 16th-century cameos, a pendant of gold and enamel, or 16th-century painted enamel tableware from Limoges. These are just window dressing in the presence of the Saliera.
Gold is the piece’s dominant theme, urged into place by the hands of Benvenuto Cellini, an Italian goldsmith, sculptor, and all-round creative genius. Few of his works have survived, but the Saliera is one of them.
(Ferdinand II of Tyrol, one-time owner of the Saliera
Image courtesy of the Rijksmuseum)
Cellini completed his salt cellar in 1543 as a commission for Francis I, King of France. A later king, Charles IX, made a gift of it to Archduke Ferdinand II of Tyrol, architect of the enormous Schloss Ambros collection that later passed into the ownership of the KHM.
The story does not end there, though. The Saliera fell victim to an opportunistic theft in 2003. Fortunately, a contrite thief led police to its whereabouts just under three years later.
How to get to the Saliera
Once you’ve found the KHM, enter the main entrance hall with its glorious dome; the stairs to the left take you up into the Kunstkammer.
Once inside the Kunstkammer, go straight on through the galleries until you can’t go any further and have to turn left or right. On the left is Gallery 24 (Saal XXIV) and inside is the Saliera.
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