Handing Napoleon one of his very few military defeats earns you a place in military history and, in the case of Karl Philipp Prince of Schwarzenberg, a large monument in Vienna.
- Bronze equestrian statue unveiled in 1867
- Designed by the sculptor Ernst Hähnel
- Located, inevitably, on Schwarzenbergplatz
- See also:
Leave the old town via Schwarzenbergstraße and you pass Café Schwarzenberg before reaching Schwarzenbergplatz square and Palais Schwarzenberg.
I sense a theme developing here.
The Schwarzenbergs are an old aristocratic family, but the name’s proliferation in this part of Vienna owes much to the exploits of one Karl Philipp (1771 – 1820).
This Vienna-born Schwarzenberg prince enjoyed a distinguished career as a soldier and diplomat in the service of Austria. His crowning achievement was to lead the coalition army that defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Leipzig in 1813 and then march all the way into Paris.
Karl Philipp’s decisive role in ending Napoleon’s hegemony won him a large number of admirers throughout Europe, and he remained a figure of renown long after his death.
Vienna likes to acknowledge its famous sons and daughters in street names, and the huge redevelopment works of the late 1800s offered plenty of opportunities to remember Schwarzenberg’s achievements.
The city also pays tribute to the more favoured among its personalities in stone, marble, and bronze. So a Schwarzenberg monument proved an inevitability.
Originally requested by Emperor Franz I/II after the prince’s death, the project only came to fruition under the aegis of Emperor Franz Joseph in 1867.
The equestrian statue of the prince in his field marshal’s uniform emerged from the creative hands of the German sculptor, Ernst Hähnel (1811 – 1891); his smaller bronze model is part of the collection of Vienna’s Heeresgeschichtliches Museum.
The design is relatively straightforward with the granite plinth avoiding much in the way of decorative reliefs. A simple inscription notes (my translation of the German):
To the victorious military leader of the coalition forces in the wars of 1813 and 1814
Field Marshal Prince Carl of Schwarzenberg
Emperor Franz Joseph I
Archduke Albrecht laid the foundation stone for the Schwarzenberg monument on the 50th anniversary (in 1863) of the Battle of Leipzig, and the unveiling took place just over four years later on October 20th.
Franz Joseph attended that day, along with numerous members of the Imperial and Schwarzenberg family, the higher echelons of the military, politicians, diplomats, soldiers, and similar (and numerous veterans of the Leipzig hostilities).
The monument sits alongside the great Ringstrassen boulevard at the northern edge of Schwarzenbergplatz. The other end of the square has the great Red Army monument and the Hochstrahlbrunnen fountain.
How to get to Schwarzenberg
Various Ring trams (2, D, or 71) and one of the old town buses (2A) stop within shouting distance of the monument. I won’t tell you the name of the stop, but it begins with Schwarzenberg and ends with Platz.
Address: Schwarzenbergplatz, 1010 Vienna