As you might imagine, Vienna has accumulated a fair few churches, whether gothic giants or baroque jewels. Here’s an overview of some of the more historical locations and buildings.
Churches and cathedrals
First off, a quick linguistic tip. The local word for church is Kirche and the one for cathedral is Dom. Once you know that, the names of churches become far clearer to the English-speaking mind.
So Michaelerkirche, for example, is the church of St. Michael, and Stephansdom is St Stephen’s cathedral.
Dozens of churches add their architectural flair to the Viennese landscape. Some date back to before the founding of the Duchy of Austria in the 13th century. Others have particular connections to Vienna’s long list of composers, such as Haydn, Bruckner, Schubert, Beethoven and Mozart.
Indeed, the central churches in particular often provide a home for orchestras performing the works of the great Viennese composers in public concerts.
Below you’ll find links to articles about all the historical churches covered here at Visiting Vienna, with more to come as I get to them.
Let us begin with the undoubted leader of the ecclesiastical gang. Stephansdom cathedral dominates the heart of the city in both a physical and spiritual sense.
Notable features of this gothic giant are the multicoloured tiled roof, the huge sarcophagus of Emperor Frederick III (1415 – 1493), and the mighty pummerin bell that rings in the New Year for all of Austria.
Climbing the south tower gives you wonderful views across the city centre, and the catacombs tour delivers the kind of dank, bone-filled chambers you might expect.
If you find the gothic Stephansdom too plain for your liking, then pop along the Graben pedestrianised street to the Baroque Peterskirche.
The insides of this early 18th-century church feel like an explosion of decorative magnificence. Also notable for the exhibition of nativity scenes usually found there during the Advent season.
This neogothic cathedral-like church looks like something you might find in medieval England or France. Surprisingly, the Votivkirche still awaits its 150th birthday.
The church owes its existence to a failed assassination attempt on Emperor Franz Joseph in 1853. His brother raised funds to build this monumental expression of thanks for the monarch’s survival.
This little gem sits unobtrusively down a pedestrianised old town side street, where its shy exterior suggests a workmanlike church entirely lacking in ostentation.
Then you go inside.
The interior of the Annakirche is a Baroque masterpiece that quite takes your breath away.
Visiting the Michaelerkirche feels like its own tour through history; parts date back to the 13th century. The colours had dried on one wall painting about 100 years before the end of the Byzantine Empire.
Incidentally, Mozart’s incomplete Requiem in D Minor premiered here in 1791 at the requiem service for the great composer.
Completed in 1704, the Alserkirche also enjoys a particular musical connection. It was here in 1827 that Beethoven’s coffin was blessed before heading to the cemetery for burial.
Schubert also wrote music for the church, whose visitors included a detachment of Napoleonic troops in 1812. The soldiers set up camp in the crypt (!).
Another church with an innocent looking exterior is the 14th-century Augustinerkirche that adjoins the winter palace complex of the Habsburgs.
Once the official court church, the marriage records of this institution contain a fair few famous names. Marie Antoinette, for example. The then Archduchess Maria Antonia married the future Louis XVI of France in the absence of the bridegroom.
Everyone knows the Lichtentaler parish church as the Schubertkirche, which offers a rather big hint as to the name closely associated with this early 18th-century building.
Franz Schubert sang in the choir, played the organ, wrote music for the church, and was even christened here.
Baroque delights exist outside the very centre, too. Take the Piaristenkirche, for example. This built-in-one church offers a little more subtlety than some of its genre colleagues and a few surprises, like a deceptive façade.
Bruckner took his organ exams here. The church also hosted premieres of works by Joseph Haydn.
Another monumental church that dominates the park before it. Emperor Charles VI built the gorgeous Karlskirche as thanks for the passing of the plague. Another early 18th-century construction with suitable Baroque decor.
Be sure to take the panorama lift up into the roof for a close-up of the frescoes and views across the square to such iconic buildings as the Künstlerhaus and Musikverein.
Although right in the centre of Vienna, the large 14th-century Minoritenkirche still manages to occupy a somewhat secluded spot just behind Palais Niederösterreich.
Home to the Italian congregation, the church also enjoys a top reputation as a venue for classic concerts, gospel choirs and other musical delights.
In Vienna, even small churches in nondescript parts of the city enjoy their musical claim to fame.
Mozart wrote and conducted the music for the consecration of the Waisenhauskirche, for example, in 1768. He was just twelve at the time.
All the above are mere babies compared to the Ruprechtskirche, likely built around 800 (that’s not a typo). Unimaginably old when you consider all that’s happened over the past 1000+ years.
This working Romanesque church has experienced a few rebuilding works in the meantime but still sits proudly above the old city walls and looks down on to an arm of the Danube at the edge of the old town.
Maria am Gestade
The Ruprechtskirche gets a little historical competition from Maria am Gestade, an unusual Gothic church with origins in the dark ages before Austria became a duchy.
The church’s name and location have to do with a riverbank that no longer exists, thanks to the indecisiveness of the Danube in past times. The narrow design and a subtle kink in the layout reflects this shoreline location, which meant adjusting the floorplan to the limited space available.
Incidentally, both the Ruprechtskirche, Maria am Gestade (and the Minoritenkirche) feature in the classic film, The Third Man.
Another church that has seen a fair few Viennese winters: the Schottenkirche serves the surrounding Schottenstift abbey in the city centre, a venerable institution that dates back to the 12th century.
Most of the church is resplendently Baroque in nature now, but part of the original Romanesque building remains. And the crypt houses one of Vienna’s most famous sons. Actually, Heinrich II. Jasomirgott might be better considered a famous father, since he was the first Duke of Austria and moved his court here around the middle of the 1100s.
Kirche am Hof
The Kirche am Hof towers over the large Am Hof square in central Vienna. The Baroque façade hides the fact that the building actually dates back to the late Middle Ages.
The balcony you can see in the photo has its own particular claim to fame, having supported the feet of no less than three popes: Pius VI, John Paul II, and Benedict XVI.